WHAT IS A COOKIE?
A cookie is a harmless text file that is stored in your web browser when visiting almost any website. Its purpose is to enable a website to remember your visit when you browse the website again. In spite of the fact that many people are unaware of it, cookies have been in use for 20 years, when the first web browsers were created for the World Wide Web
WHAT A COOKIE IS NOT.
It is not a virus, a Trojan, a worm, spam or spyware, and does not open pop-up windows.
WHAT INFORMATION DOES A COOKIE STORE?
Cookies do not usually store sensitive information about you, like credit card numbers or bank details, photos, your ID number or personal information, etc. The data stored are of a technical character, personal preferences, personalized content, etc.
The web server does not associate you as a person but rather links to your web browser. Actually, if you are frequently on Internet Explorer and try to browse the same website with Firefox or Chrome, you will see that the website does not realize you are the same person because, in actual fact, it is linking with the web browser, not the person.
WHAT TYPE OF COOKIES ARE THERE?
- Technical cookies: they are the most basic type and enable, among other things, to know when a human or an automated application is browsing; to identify when a registered or unregistered user is browsing; a dynamic website to function by performing basic tasks
- Analysis cookies: they gather information about the type of browsing taking place, the most used sections, viewed products, time of use, language, etc.
- Advertising cookies: they show advertisements according to your browsing, your country of origin, language, etc.
What are proprietary cookies and third party ones?
Proprietary cookies are those generated by the website you are visiting and third party cookies are those generated by external services or suppliers such as Facebook, Twitter, Google, etc
What happens if I deactivate the cookies?
To understand the scope that deactivating cookies can have, here are a few examples:
- You will not be able to share content from the website on Facebook, Twitter or any other social media.
- The website will not be able to adapt content to your personal preferences, which usually happens at online stores.
- You will not be able to access the personal area of that website, like for example My account or My profile or My orders.
- Online stores: it will not be possible to make online purchases; they will have to be made over the phone or at the physical store in person, if one exists.
- It will not be possible to personalize your geographical preferences such as time zone, currency or language.
- The website will not be able to carry out web analytics regarding visitors and web traffic, thereby hindering the task of making the website more competitive.
- You will not be able to write on the blog, upload photos, publish comments, value or grade content. The website will not be able to know if you are human or an automated application that publishes spam.
CAN COOKIES BE DELETED?
Yes. Not only deleted, but also blocked, in a general way or for a specific domain.
To delete cookies for a website, go to your web browser’s configuration where you will be able to search for the cookies associated to the domain and subsequently delete them.
COOKIE CONFIGURATION FOR THE MOST USED WEB BROWSERS.
This is how to access a specific cookie on Chrome. Note: these steps can vary depending on the version of your browser.
- Go to Preferences or Configuration in the File menu or by clicking on the personalization icon on the upper right of the screen.
- You will see several sections; click the option Show advanced options.
- Go to Privacy, content configuration.
- Select All cookies and place data.
- A list with all the cookies arranged by domain will appear. To find the cookies from a specific domain more easily, write part or all of the address in Search cookies.
- After applying the filter, several lines will show up on your screen with the cookies of the specified website. Now you just need to select them and click the X in order to delete them.
To access the configuration of cookies on Internet Explorer, follow these steps (they can vary depending on the version of your browser):
- Go to Tools, Internet options.
- Click Privacy.
- Move the slider to adjust the level of privacy you require.
To access the configuration of cookies on Firefox, follow these steps (they can vary depending on the version of your browser):
- Go to Options or Preferences, depending on your operating system.
- Click Privacy.
- In History, choose Use a personalized configuration for History.
- The option Accept cookies will appear, which you can activate or deactivate according to your preferences.
To access the configuration of cookies on Safari for OS X, follow these steps (they can vary depending on the version of your browser):
- Go to Preferences, then Privacy
- Here, you will see the option Block cookies to adjust the type of blocking you require
To access the configuration of cookies on Safari for iOS, follow these steps (they can vary depending on the version of your browser):
- Go to Preferences, then Privacy.
- Here, you will see the option Block cookies to adjust the type of blocking you require.
To access the configuration of cookies from the browser of an Android device, follow these steps (they can vary depending on the version of your browser):
- Go to the browser and click the Menu button, then Settings
- Go to Privacy and Security, the option Accept cookies will appear, which you can activate or deactivate with the corresponding check box.
To access the configuration of cookies from the browser of a Windows Phone device, follow these steps (they can vary depending on the version of your browser):
- Open Internet Explorer, then More, and then Configuration.
- Now you can activate or deactivate the option Allow cookies.